Native Mobile applications are the applications which are compiles, installed and executed on mobile devices natively. Native application are developed using code mobile framework provided by the proprietary company. For many enterprise mobile application development needs native application development because of it’s benefit over other frameworks like performance, user experience, scalability and reliability.
Native mobile apps are build using code framework like Objective-C in iOS and JAVA/Android SDK in Android. Native apps are specific to a given mobile platform (iOS or Android) using the development tools and language that the respective platform supports (e.g., Xcode and Objective-C with iOS, Eclipse and Java with Android). Native apps look and perform the best.
- Multi touch – double taps, pinch-spread, and other compound UI gestures.
- Fast graphics API – the native platform gives you the fastest graphics, which may not be a big deal if you’re showing a static screen with only a few elements, or a very big deal if you’re using a lot of data and require a fast refresh.
- Fluid animation – related to the fast graphics API is the ability to have fluid animation. This is especially important in gaming, highly interactive reporting, or intensely computational algorithms for transforming photos and sounds.
- Built-in components – The camera, address book, geolocation, and other features native to the device can be seamlessly integrated into mobile apps. Another important built-in components is encrypted storage, but more about that later.
- Ease of use – The native platform is what people are accustomed to, and so when you add that familiarity with all of the native features they expect, you have an app that’s just plain easier to use.
- Documentation – There are over 2500 books alone for iOS and Android development, with many more articles, blog posts, and detailed technical threads on sites like StackOverflow.
- Multi touch – Every time you need to change or update your application, it needs to be recompiled and binaries need to be redeployed on device.
- Fast graphics API – Need different builds/code for iOS, Android, Blackberry and Windows platform.
- Fluid animation -User experience and accessibility to all native features is great advantage for native apps but this comes with a price as it needs to be developed for all platforms.
- Built-in components – For non-enterprise apps needs to through Apple and Android approval process to have it available on marketplace.
- Ease of use – Since users are forced to download new platform version whenever it is released by Apple or Android, enterprise will need to have different versions of their apps in production available to support this.
Native apps are usually developed using an integrated development environment (IDE). IDEs provide tools for building debugging, project management, version control, and other tools professional developers need. While iOS and Android apps are developed using different IDEs and languages, there’s a lot of parity in the development environments, and there’s not much reason to delve into the differences. Simply, you use the tools required by the device. Here you can see comparision between Native apps, Hybrid apps and HTML5 apps.